Mohamad Zubair- U-Din
History is witness to numerous incidents which are a blot on the human conscience and humanity. The broad humane and moral values were trampled over by a gory dance of barbarism, cruelty, death and destruction. However, the majority of these incidents faded into oblivion with the passage of time. Very few among such incidents have survived in the pages history with the battle of Karbala fought in 61AH (Al-Hijri) of the Islamic calendar standing out conspicuously among all the tragic events human history witnessed for various reasons.
The patience with which Islamic Prophet’s grandson Imam Hussain faced all the trials and tribulations in the battlefield of Karbala in modern Iraq is beyond parallel and mention. One example of his level of patience and forbearance can be gauged from his advice to his ailing son, Imam Zainul Abideen, when he insisted to be allowed to fight. Hussain advised him to persevere in trials and patiently bear the sufferings. He was advised not to nurture the feeling of revenge against their enemies for it was against the traditions of the Prophet.
Needless to mention, Hussain sacrificed everything in the way of Allah. He sacrificed his sons, nephews, cousins and friends numbering either 72 or 82 for upholding truth and the sanctity of Islamic Sharia (legislation) and thus set an unprecedented and unparalleled example before the mankind until Doom’s Day.
This kind of extraordinary patience, courage, forgiveness, forbearance and fortitude has no parallel in the human history given the barbarism, cruelty, unislamic and inhuman treatment meted out to Hussain and his followers. No wonder the very mention of the martyrdom of Hussain evokes a mixed feeling of grief and mystical bliss.
One irony over the ages has been the attempt of many scholars to paint the struggle between Hussain and the forces of Yazeed as the one for acquiring the political power rather than a struggle between the evil and the truth. However, this inference is bereft of logic, historical evidence and smacks of inherent bias towards the spiritual personality of Hussain and his mission.
The approach of these so-called Islamic scholars has been largely responsible for drawing the wedge within the Muslim Ummah. And then there are also some writers from within the Muslim community who exaggerate the historical events surrounding the battle of Karbala and have added some fabricated tales which don’t stand the test of historical research.
Hussain and his struggle were for the glorification and purification of Islam. He wanted to purge Islam of all the accretions which had entered the body politic of Islam with Yazeed’s taking over of the throne. Had Hussain been interested in acquiring the political power, he would have accepted the proposal of Abdullah bin Zubair to accept his allegiance for the government of Makkah. He would not have taken the dangerous sojourn to Kufa by overlooking the advice of his well-wishers and friends.
More importantly, Makkah was a safer place and people there were not happy with Yazeed. Hussain could have easily consolidated his position in Makkah and then attempted to dislodge Yazeed from power if his sole aim would have been to acquire political power. The fact is that Hussain wanted to set an unprecedented example before the human mankind not to bow before the evil, no matter in what shape and how powerful it was. He wanted to reform the unholy practices which had crept in the body politic of Islam.